Vincent Pouliot


President of the Institute of Responsible Government and Member of the Advisory board. Vincent is a lawyer (retired) and entrepreneur. Following Quebec's referendum to secede from Canada in 1995, he became Leader of the Libertarian Party of Canada to promote provincial representation in the Senate as the means to end the conflict of power between the federal government and the provinces and the threat of secession. Realizing his political platform was founded in law, he intervened before the Supreme Court of Canada in the Reference regarding the secession of Quebec (1997). The Court’s decision compelled him to study Canada's constitutional evolution to discover the political structure and the democratic mechanism permitting the conciliation of Upper and Lower Canada in the government of the Province of Canada at the time of Confederation. The study revealed the constitutional basis upon which the model of Responsible Government was worked out in the Province of Canada; the cause of the growing dissatisfaction with this government; how the scheme of Confederation attempted to resolve this dissatisfaction by extending this model to form a truly federal model of the British constitution; how this was accomplished through the letter of the Constitution Act (1867); and how and why it was set aside before the first parliament of the Dominion was ever assembled. More importantly, it revealed how checks to the abuse of power, naturally arising within the constitutional framework, guarantees the rule of government in accordance with the well-understood wishes and interests of the people. He undertook the Institute of Responsible Government to make known and further develop the doctrine of this uniquely Canadian self-correcting model of Responsible Government.